Traits are characteristics that are inherent to each dog breed type. While each individual dog may have some differences due to genetics and personality, there are general traits assignable and distinguishing for Pomeranians. Much of their behavior is credited to these inherent traits, along with their personality, socialization, and training.
Pomeranians are described as sturdy, healthy dogs descended from large sled breed dogs. They are active toy dogs of Nordic descent. Many of these dogs are of Wolfspitz ancestors who were bred and utilized for protecting and guarding families and livestock. They were also used for herding and pulling sleds. Many of the characteristics necessary for dogs to be successful at these jobs are shared down throughout the lines to even the most domestic of Pomeranian.
One of the most remarkable physical traits is the heavy plumed tail and thick, double coated bodies. Their thick double coats make them easily adaptable and able to live anywhere, even in harsh winter or cold climates. There are many different colors bred into Pomeranians, including brindle, parti, piebald, irish, tan points and variations of red, cream, sable and black. Many of the other physical traits of Pomeranians are evident in their general appearance, size, head, body, coat, color, and gait. They maintain a fox like expression with dark, bright almond shaped eyes.
Other traits of the Pomeranian help illustrate why he is called “the dog who thinks he can.” Pomeranians, by nature, are courageous, vivacious, and naturally curious. While they are compact, they are incredibly agile and animated. They are active and alert, inquisitive and express very high energy. Despite their lively, confident nature, they are surprisingly easy to train. Because they are very intelligent, bright and eager to please, their outgoing nature serves them well with their families.
Besides being the active sportsman and working dog, Pomeranians are also known to be very loyal and protective toward their families. With proper training they can overcome their “small dog syndrome” and be quite affectionate, obedient, and friendly. They enjoy meeting other people and even other dogs. As a result, they enjoy socialization. Whether that involves rides or activities with the family, or strolls through the park or dog park to see new sights, sounds, people and experiences. This socialization will also prevent the dog from excessive barking or howling, which are also inherent traits of the breed.
While these are all great traits, there are some inherent traits of the Pomeranian that are less than desirable. One is the trait of fragility, common in most toy breeds. While the Pomeranian is agile and sporty, they are still small by nature and can be easily injured if dropped, sat on or stepped on. They are also sometimes “yappy” if not trained to suppress that energy and could be an annoyance to your family or neighbors if allowed to bark all day. His curious nature will find many reasons for him to alert.
Other traits involve their need for extensive grooming due to their thick double coats and shedding, along with some difficulty in housebreaking, which may require extensive crate training. Finally, because of the intelligence and confidence of the Pomeranian, he can be strong willed and stubborn, requiring a dominant owner who can take charge of the dog.
Ultimately, the right breeding and training can minimize some undesirable traits. This comes from choosing a good breeder or experienced rescue group, along with the right puppy or dog for your family. An owner must show dominance to the dog to gain respect and confidence from the dog. Formal obedience or behavioral training may be beneficial for some needs. Having patience and the resources available to help the dog fit in to your expectations and family will ensure success for the many years to come.